Peter K. Swart

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Full CV

Lewis G. Weeks, Professor of Marine Geosciences

Head of the RSMAS Stable Isotope Laboratory



B.Sc. University of Sheffield, Natural Environmental Sciences, 1976

Ph.D. Geochemistry, Kings College, University of London, 1980.

Post Doctoral Fellowship, University of Cambridge, 1980-1983.


Research Interests


Stable Isotope Geochemistry Stable Isotope Laboratory; Carbonate Diagenesis; Sedimentology and Petrology Comparative Sedimentology Laboratory ; Cosmochemistry.



Courses Taught

  • Geochemistry, MGG 513
  • Diagenesis of Carbonate Sediments, MGG 671
  • Stable Isotopes in Biological and Geological Sciences, MGG 650
  • Techniques in Ecosystem and Policy ECS 301
  • Introductory Oceanography MSC 101


Research Projects

  • The Climate Dynamics of the Atlantic
  • Sclerosponges/Corals
  • Carbonate Diagenesis
  • Nitrogen Dynamics in the Marine Environment
  • Clumped Isotopes
  • Global Carbon Cycle through Time



Top Cited Publications



Thorrold, S., LatKoczy, C., Swart, P.K., and Jones, C. 2002. Natal homing in marine fish population, Science, 291:297-299.

Swart, P.K., 1982. The carbon and oxygen isotope composition of scleractinian corals: a review. Earth Sci. Rev., 19:  51-80.

Swart, P.K., Burns, S.J., and Leder, J.J., 1992. Fractionation of stable isotopes of O and C in CO2 during the reaction of calcite with phosphoric acid as a function of temperature and technique, Chemical Geology (Isotope Geoscience Section), 86:89-96.

Swart, P.K., M.M. Grady and C.T. Pillinger, R.S. Lewis and E. Anders, 1983. Interstellar carbon in meteorites. Science, 220:  406-410.

Selected Recent Publications










Swart, P.K., Mackenzie, G.J., Blättler, C.L., Nakakuni, M., Eberli, G.P., Betzler,C., Alvarez-Zarikian, C.A., Wright, J., Kroon, D., Reolid, J., Slagle, A.L., Hui Mee, A.L., Reijmer, J.J., Bialik, O.M., Alonso-García, M., Guo, J.A., Haffen, J., Horozal, S., Inoue, M., Jovane, L., Lanci, Laya, J-C, Lüdmann, T., Nath, N., Niino, K., Petruny, L.M., Pratiwi, S.D., Su, X., Sloss, J.C.R., Yao, Z., Young, J.R., Anoxic Events Recorded at Platform Derived Sediments from the Early Miocene of the Maldives, Earth and Planetary Science Letters

Giri, S., Swart, P.K., and Pourmand, A. The role of seawater Ca2+ concentration in altering coral calcification mechanisms: A trace element and stable isotope approach, Earth and Planetary Science Letters

Staudigel, P.T. and Swart, P.K. A diagenetic origin for isotopic variability of sediments deposited on the margin of Great Bahama Bank, insights from clumped isotopes, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta,


Blattler, C.L., Higgins, J.A. and Swart, P.K. Advected glacial seawater preserved in the subsurface of the Maldives carbonate platform, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta,

Giri, S. and Swart, P.K. The Influence of Seawater Chemistry on Carbonate Associated Sulfate Derived from Coral Skeletons, Palaeo. Palaeo, Palaeo, 521, 72-81.

Liu, X.M., Hardisty, D., Lyons, T.., and Swart, P.K. Evaluating the integrity of the cerium paleoredox tracer through analysis of a modern marine carbonate analog, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 248, 25-42.


Swart, P.K., Mackenzie, G.M., Eberli, G.P., Lüdmann, T. and Betzler, C., Do drifts deposited adjacent to carbonate platforms record the signal of global C isotopic values? Sedimentology, 66, 1410-1426.

C.L. Pederson, J.S. Klaus, P.K. Swart, D.F. McNeill, Deposition and early diagenesis of microbial mud in the Florida Everglades, Sedimentology

Weij, R., Reijmer, J.J.H., Eberli, G.P., and Swart, P.K., The Limited link between accommodation space, sediment thickness, and inner platform facies distribution (Holocene-Pleistocene, Bahamas) , The Depositional Record.

Weger, R., Eberli, G. P., Murray, S.T., and Swart, P.K., Paleothermometry and distribution of calcite beef in the Vaca Muerta formation, Neuquen Basin Argentina, AAPG Bulletin.

Oehlert, A., Swart, P.K. Eberli, G.P., Evans, S., Frank, T. Geochemical Constraints on the Cause of the Largest Positive Carbon Isotope Excursion in the Phanerozoic, Sedimentology, 66, 241-261.




Kunkelova, T., Jung, S, Odling, N., Thomas, A.,  Betzler,C., Eberli, G.P., Reolid, J.,., Reijmer, , Alvarez-Zarikian, C.A., Bialik, O.M., Blättler, C.L., Guo, J.A., Hui Mee, A.L., Alonso-García, M., Haffen, J., Horozal, S., Inoue, M., Jovane, L., Lanci, L.,Laya, J-C, Nath, N., Niino, K., Nakakuni, M., Petruny, L.M., Pratiwi, S.D., Slagle, A.L., Su, X., Sloss, J.C.R., Yao, Z, Swart, P.K., J.J., Wright, J., Young, J.R., Kroon, D., A 2 million year record of continental weathering linked to aridity from the Maldives, Progress in Earth and Planetary Science

Francois Tissot, Cindy Chen; Benjamin M Go; Magdalena Naziemiec; Garrett Healy; Andrey Bekker; P. K Swart; Nicolas Dauphas Control of eustasy and diagenesis on the 238U/235U of carbonates and evolution of the seawater (234U/238U) during the last 1.4 Myr, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta., 242, 233–265.

Staudigel, P. T., and Swart, P. K., A kinetic difference between 12C and 13C-bound oxygen exchange rates results in decoupled δ18O and ?47 values of equilibrating DIC solutions: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, doi:10.1029/2018GC007500.

Lüdmann, T., Betzler,C., Eberli, G.P., Reolid, J., Kroon, D., Reijmer, Swart, P.K., J.J., Wright, J., Young, J.R., Alvarez-Zarikian, C.A., Bialik, O.M., Blättler, C.L., Guo, J.A., Hui Mee, A.L., Alonso-García, M., Haffen, J., Horozal, S., Inoue, M., Jovane, L., Lanci, L.,,Laya, J-C, Nath, N., Niino, K., Nakakuni, M., Petruny, L.M., Pratiwi, S.D., Slagle, A.L., Su, X., Sloss, J.C.R., Yao, Z.,  Calcareous drift fan: a new drift type in a carbonate setting, Marine Geology. 401, 98-111.

Ahm, A.-S.C., Bjerrum, C.J., Blättler, C.L., Swart, P.K. and Higgins, J.A. (2018) Quantifying early marine diagenesis in shallow-water carbonate sediments. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta

Waite, A., Swart, P.K. Rosenheim, B., and A. Rosenberg, Re-evaluating Sr/Ca-derived records of post-industrial era warming from the sclerosponge, Ceratoporella nicholsoni, Chemical Geology,488, 56-61.

Staudigel, P.T., Frank, T.D., Dunham, D.P., Fielding, C.R. and Swart, P.K. Cryogenic brine as a diagenetic fluid: reconstructing the cementation history of sediments in the Victoria Land Basin of Antarctica using clumped isotope geochemistry, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,224, 154-170.

Betzler,C., Eberli, G.P., Lüdmann, T., Reolid, J., Reijmer, J.J., Wright, J., Young, J.R., Alvarez-Zarikian, C.A., Alonso-García, M., Bialik, O.M., Blättler, C.L., Guo, J.A., Hui Mee, A.L., Haffen, J., Horozal, S., Inoue, M., Jovane, L., Kroon, D., Lanci, L, ,Laya, J-C, Nath, N., Niino, K., Nakakuni, M., Petruny, L.M., Pratiwi, S.D., Slagle, A.L., Su, X., Sloss, J.C.R., Swart, P.K., Yao, Z.,  The global climate record of the Maldives Neogene carbonate platform, Progress in Earth and Planetary Science.

Swart, P.K. and Oehlert, A.M.  Revised interpretations of stable C and O patterns in carbonate rocks resulting from meteoric diagenesis, Sedimentary Geology, 364, 14-23.

Giri, S., Swart, P.K. and Devlin, Q. The effect of changing seawater Ca and Mg concentrations upon the distribution coefficients of Mg and Sr in the skeletons of the scleractinian coral Pocillopora damicornis, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 222, 535-549.

J.A. Higgins, C. L. Blättler, E. A. Lundstrom, D. Santiago-Ramos, A. Akhtar, A.S. Curger-Ahm, O. Bialik, C. Holmden, A.V. Turchyn, and P. K. Swart, Mineralogy, early marine diagenesis, and the chemistry of shallow water carbonate sediments, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 220, 512-534.




J. Dixon, I. Bindeman, R. Kingsley, K. Simons, P. LeRoux , T.Rau, Hajewski, P. K. Swart, C.  Langmuir, J.  Ryan, K. W. Ikuko Wada, P. Wallace, Light Stable Isotopic Compositions of Enriched Mantle Sources: Resolving the Dehydration Paradox, GGG

Purkis, S., Oehlert, A., Harriss, M. and Swart, P.K. Hydrodynamic Control of Whitings on Great Bahama Bank, Geology, 44, 939-942.

Diaz, M., Eberli, G.P., Blackwelder, P., Philips, B., Swart, P.K., Microbes, Ooids and Implications, Geology, 45, 771-774.

Mueller, P., Staudigel, P.T., Murray, S.T., Vernet, R., Barusseau, J-P., Westphal, H., Swart, P.K., Prehistoric cooking versus paleoenvironmental proxies in shell midden constituents. Nature Communications, 7, 3555.

Mehterian, S., Pourmand, A., Sharifi, A., Lahijani, H.A.K., Naderi, M., Swart, P.K., Speleothem Records of Glacial/Interglacial Climate from Iran Forewarn of Future Water Availability in the Interior of the Middle East, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 164, 187-198.

Murray, S.T. and Swart, P.K. Evaluating Formation Fluid Models and Calibrations Using Clumped Isotope Paleothermometry on Bahamian Dolomites, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 206, 73-93.

D. T. Ho, S. Ferrón, V. C. Engel, W.T. Anderson, P.K. Swart, R. M. Price, and L. Barbero, Dissolved carbon biogeochemistry and export in mangrove-dominated rivers of the Florida Everglades, Biogeosciences, 14, 1–17, 2017, doi:10.5194/bg-14-1-2017.  

Klaus, J., Meeder, J., McNeill, D., Woodhead, J, and Swart, P.K. Expanded Florida Reef Development during the Mid Pliocene Warm Period, Global and Planetary Change, 152, 127-137.

Arienzo, M.M., Swart, P.K., Broad, K., Clement, A.C., Pourmand, A., Kakuk, B., Multi -proxy evidence of millennial scale climate variability from multiple Bahamian speleothems, Quarter. Sci. Rev., 161, 18-29.

Okazaki, R.R., Towle, E., Hooidonk, R., Mor,C.,  Winter, R., Piggot, A., Cunning, R., Baker, A., Langdon, C., Swart, P.K. Varying Responses of Twelve Caribbean Coral Species to Climate Change, Global Change Biology, 23, 1023-1035, 10.1111/gcb.13481.




Staudigel, P.T. and Swart, P.K. Isotopic behavior during the aragonite-calcite transition: implications for sample preparation and proxy interpretation, Chem. Geol., 442, 130-138.

Betzler, C., Eberli, G.P., Kroon, D., Wright, J.D., Swart, P.K., Nath, B.N., Alvarez-Zarikian, C.A., Alonso-García, M., Bialik, O.M., Blättler, C.L., Guo, J.A., Haffen, S., Horozal, S., Inoue, M., Jovane, L., Lanci, L., Laya, J.C., Mee, A.L.H., Lüdmann, T., Nakakuni, M., Niino, K., Petruny, L.M., Pratiwi, S.D., Reijmer, J.J.G., Reolid, J., Slagle, A.L., Sloss, C.R., Su, X., Yao, Z. and Young, J.R. (2016) The abrupt onset of the modern South Asian Monsoon winds. Scientific Reports, 6, 29838.

Swart, P.K. Cantrell, D.A., Murray, S. and Arienzo, M., Dolomitization in the Ghawar Field: An Update Based on the Clumped Isotope Technique, Sedimentology

Gothmann, A.M., , J. A. Higgins, P. K. Swart, S. J. Giri, J. F. Adkins, J. Stolarski, C. L. Blattler, and M. L. Bender, , Calcium isotopes in scleractinian fossil corals since the Mesozoic: implications for vital effects and biomineralization through time., Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 444, 205-214.

Murray, S., M. M. Arienzo, and P. K. Swart, 2015, Determining the Δ47 acid fractionation for dolomites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 174, 42-53.



Arienzo, M., Swart, P.K., Pourmand, A. Broad, K., Clement, A.C.,  Murphy, LN., Vonhof, H.B., Kakuk B., Bahamian speleothem reveals temperature decrease associated with Heinrich stadials, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 430, 377-386.

Ellis, G.S., Katz, B.J., Scholz, C. and Swart, P.K, Organic sedimentation in modern lacustrine systems: A case study from Lake Malawi, East Africa, Geological Society of America Special Papers, 515, p. SPE515-02

Galfond, B., Riemer, D., Swart, P.K., Analysis of signal to noise ratio of δ13C CO2 measurements at carbon capture utilization and storage injection sites. International Journal of Greenhouse Gases, 42, 307-318.

Alvaro, Lapen, TJ, Rosenheim and Swart, P. K. Ventilation timescales of the N. Atlantic Subtropical Cell revealed by coral radiocarbon from the Cape Verde Islands, Paleoceanography, 30, 938-948.

Pederson, C., McNeill, D., Klaus, J., and Swart, P.K. Deposition and diagenesis of microbial oncolites: Implications for the preservation of microbial signatures, Journal of Sedimentary Research

Sharifi, A,., Pourmand, A., Canuel, E.A., Fere-Tyler, E., Peterson, L.C., Aichner, B., Feakins, S.J., Daryaee, T., Djamali, M., Beni, N., Lahijani, A.K., Swart, P.K. Abrupt climate change over the interior of West Asia since the last deglaciation period: The hand that rocked the Cradle of Civilization? Quaternary Science Reviews, 123, 215-230.

Diaz, M. Swart, P.K., Eberli, G.P. and Altabet, M. Geochemical Evidence of Microbial Activity within Ooids, Sedimentology

Swart, P.K. The geochemistry of carbonate diagenesis: The past, present and future, Sedimentology, 62:1233-1304

Stewart, J.A., Gutjahr, M., Pearce, F., Swart, P.K. and Foster, G.L.  Boron and meteoric diagenesis: Questioning the fidelity of Snowball Earth δ11B excursions, Geology, 43: 627-634.

Waite, A. and Swart, P.K. Inversion of aragonite to calcite during the sampling of skeletal archives: Implications for proxy interpretation, Rapid Communication in Mass Spectrometry, 29:955-964.

Harris, P.M., Purkis, S.J., Ellis, J., Swart, P.K. and Reijmer, J.J.G., Mapping water-depth and depositional facies on Great Bahama Bank, Sedimentology, 62: 555-589.

Mackenzie, G.J., Schaffner, F., Swart, P.K. The stable isotopic composition of carbonate (C & O) and the organic Matrix (C & N) in water bird eggshells from South Florida: Insights into feeding ecology, timing of egg formation, and geographic range, Hydrobiologia, 743: 89-108.




Swart, P.K., Oehlert, A., Mackenzie, GJ, Eberli, GP, and  Reijmer, JJG, The fertilization of the Bahamas by Saharan dust: A trigger for carbonate precipitation? Geology

Swart, P.K., Evans, S., Capo. T., and Altabet, M.A, The fractionation of nitrogen and oxygen isotopes in macroalgae during the assimilation of nitrate, Biogeosciences


Oehlert, A.M. and Swart, P.K., Interpreting carbonate and organic carbon isotope covariance in the sedimentary record, Nature Communications




Prof. Peter Swart

Lewis G. Weeks Professor
RSMAS/MGS University of Miami
4600 Rickenbacker Causeway
Miami, FL 33149

Telephone: 305 421-4103

Full CV  

Last Revised May 15, 2019