Peter K. Swart

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Professor of Marine Geology and Geophysics

Biography

 

Ph.D. Geochemistry, Kings College, University of London, 1980.

Research Interests

Stable Isotope Geochemistry Stable Isotope Laboratory; Carbonate Diagenesis; Sedimentology and Petrology Comparative Sedimentology Laboratory ; Cosmochemistry.

Courses Taught

Research Projects

  • The Climate Dynamics of the Atlantic
  • Sclerosponges
  • Carbonate Diagenesis
  • Nitrogen Dynamics of South Florida

Selected Recent Publications

 

                   Full CV

 

 

 

 

 

  2012 Mateo, I, Durbin, E. G., Bengtson, D.A., Kingsley, R., Swart, P.K. and Durant, D. 2012. Spatial and Temporal Variation in Otolith Chemistry for Tautog (Tautoga onitis) along the US Northeast Coast, Northeastern Naturalist, 19:201-216.2012 Oehlert, A. Devlin, Q., Mackenzie, G.J., Lamb-Wozniak, K., Swart, P.K.,

2012 The Stable Carbon Isotopic Composition of Organic Material in Platform Derived Sediments: Implications for Reconstructing the Global Carbon Cycle, Sedimentology, 59, 319-335.2012 Swart, P.K.

2012. Coral Canaries of the sea, Trees of the Ocean (Nature Education) (In Press)2012 Swart, P.K. and Kennedy, M.J. Does the Global Stratigraphic Reproducibility of d13C in Neoproterozoic Carbonates Require a Marine Origin?  A Plio-Pleistocene Comparison, Geology, 40: 87-90.

2012 Lamb-Wozniak, K., Swart, P.K. and Altabet, M.  2012. Nitrogen  and Carbon Isotopic Systematics of the Florida Reef Tract, Bull Mar Sci , 1: 119-146.

2011 Giebel, B.M., Swart, P.K., and Riemer, D.D., 2011 New Insights to the Use of Ethanol in Automotive Fuels: A Stable Isotopic Tracer for Fossil- and Bio-Fuel Combustion Inputs to the Atmosphere: Environmental Science & Technology, v. 45, p. 6661-6669.

2011 Oikawa, P.Y., Giebel, B., Sternberg, L.S.L., Li, L., Timko, M.P., Swart, P.K., Riemer, D.D., Mak, J.E., Lerdau, M.T. 2011. Leaf and root pectin methylesterase activity and 13C/12C stable isotopic ratio measurements of methanol emissions give insight into methanol production in Lycopersicon esculentum, New Phytologist,

2011 Helmle, K., Dodge, R.E., Swart, P.K., Eakin, M, and Gledhill, D.  2011. Growth rates of Florida corals from 1937 to 1996 and their relationship to climate change Nature Communications, 2, 215.

2010  Giebel, B. M., P. K. Swart, and D. D. Riemer. d13C stable isotope analysis of atmospheric oxygenated volatile organic compounds by gas chromatography-isotope ratio mass spectrometry. Anal. Chem. 82: 6797-6806.

2010  Matteo, I, Durbin, E.G., Appeldorn, R., Adams, A., Juanes, F., Kingsley, R., Swart, P.K., The role of mangroves as nurseries for French grunt Haemulon flavolineatum and schoolmaster Lutjanus apodus assessed by otolith elemental fingerprints, Marine Ecology Progress Series,  doi: 10.3354/meps08445.

2010  Matteo, I, Durbin, E.G., Bengston, D.A., Kingsley, R., Swart, P.K., Durant, D., Spatial and temporal variation in otolith chemistry of  tautog (Tautoga onitis), Fisheries Bulletin, 108; 155-161.

2010 Swart, P.K., Greer, L., Rosenheim, B.E., Moses, C., Winter, A., Helmle, K., and Dodge, R.E. 13C Suess effect in scleractinian corals mirror changes in the anthropogenic CO2 inventory of the surface oceans, Geophysical Res. Letts.

2009 Swart, P.K., Reijmer, J.J.G., Otto, R., Geochemical Facies of Great Bahama Bank, Perspective in Carbonate Geology: A Tribute to the Career of Robert Nathan Ginsburg, IAS Special Publication 41 (Swart, P.K. , Eberli, G.P, McKenzie, J Ed), 41: 47-60.

2009 Reijmer J.J., Swart P.K., Roth S., Bauch T., Zechel  S., Otto, R. A reevaluation of facies variations on Great Bahama Bank. In: Swart PK, Eberli GP, McKenzie JA (eds) Perspectives in Carbonate Geology: A Tribute to the Career of Robert Nathan Ginsburg, IAS Special Publication 41. Blackwell, Oxford, 41: 29-46.                                                           
2009 Gischler, E. Swart, P.K., Lomando, A. Stable isotopes of carbon and oxygen in modern sediments of carbonate platforms, barrier reefs, atolls, and ramps: patterns and implications, Perspective in Carbonate Geology: A Tribute to the Career of Robert Nathan Ginsburg, IAS  Special Publication 41 (Swart, P.K., Eberli, G.P, McKenzie, J. Ed), 41:61-74.

2009 Rosenheim, R.E, Swart, P.K. and Willenz, P. Calibration of sclerosponges oxygen isotope records to temperature using high-resolution data, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 17, 5308-5319.       

                         
2009 Stalker, J., Price, R.M., and Swart, P.K. Determining Spatial and Temporal Inputs of Freshwater, Including Groundwater Discharge, to a Sub-tropical Estuary using Geochemical Tracers, Biscayne Bay, South Florida, Estuaries, DOI 10.1007/s12237-009-9155-y                                                                                          
                                               
2008  Oleinik, A., Marincovich, L. Jr., Barinov, K.B., Swart, P.K., Magnitude of Middle Miocene warming in North Pacific high latitudes: stable isotope evidence from Kaneharaia (Bivalve, Dosiniiae), Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan, 59:39-53.

2008 Price, R.M., Swart, P.K. and Willoughby H.E. , Seasonal and spatial variation in the stable isotopic composition (d18O and dD) of precipitation in south Florida, Journal of Hydrology, 358, 193-205.
2008  Swart, P.K. Global Synchronous Changes in the Carbon Isotopic Composition of Carbonate Sediments Unrelated to Changes in the Global Carbon Cycle, Proc Nat. Acad. Sci., 37, 13741-13745.
2008 Ehrenberg, S.N., Svana, T.A. and Swart, P.K.  Uranium depletion across the Permian–Triassic boundary in Middle East carbonates: Signature of oceanic anoxia, Amer. Assoc. Petrol . Bull., 92:691-707.
2008  Lamb, K. and Swart, P.K. The carbon and nitrogen isotopic values of particulate organic material from the Florida Keys: a temporal and spatial study, Coral Reefs, 27:351-362.

2007    (107) Katz, D., Swart, P .K., Eberli, G.P. Carbon isotopic variation in the Madison formation Wyoming, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 256, 231-253.
(106) U. G. Wortmann, B. Chernyavsky. S. M. Bernasconi, B. Brunner, M. E. Böttcher, Swart, P.K.  Oxygen isotope biogeochemistry of pore water sulfate in the deep biosphere: Dominance of isotope exchange reactions with ambient water during microbial sulfate reduction (ODP Site 1130),Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 71, 4221-4232.
(105) Rosenheim, B.E., Swart, P.K., Eisenhauer, A. Constraining initial 230Th activity in Incrementally Deposited Biogenic Aragonite from the Bahamas, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 71, 4025-4035.
(104) Price, R.M., Nuttle, W. and Swart, P.K.  Variation in evaporation from a subtropical estuary: Florida Bay, Estuaries, 30, 1-10.
(103) Rosenheim, B.E. and Swart, P.K. Caribbean sclerosponge radiocarbon measurements re-interpreted in terms of U/Th age models, Nuclear Instruments and Methods B, 259, 274-278.

2006 Katz, D., Eberli, G.P. Swart, P.K., and L.B. Smith Jr., Tectonic-hydrothermal brecciation associated with calcite precipitation and permeability destruction in Mississippian carbonate reservoirs, Montana and Wyoming, AAPG Bulletin , 90, 1803-1841.

 2006 Moses C.S., Swart P.K., Dodge R.E. Calibration of stable oxygen  isotopes in Siderastrea radians (Cnidaria:Scleractinia): Implications for slow-growing corals. Geochem. Geophys. Geosys., 7, Q09007, doi:10.1029/2005GC001196

 2006 Andres, M., Summer, D.Y., Reid, P., Swart. P.K., Isotopic Fingerprints of Microbial Respiration in Aragonite from Bahamian Stromatolites, Geology, 34, 973-976.

 2006 Moses, C.M., Rosenheim , B.E. and Swart, P.K. Evidence of Multi-decadal salinity variability in the Eastern Tropical Atlantic, Palaeoceanography, 21, PA3010, doi10.1029/2005PA001257

 2006 Moses, C. S. and Swart, P. K., Stable isotope and growth records in corals from the island of Tobago, Not simply a record of the Orinoco, Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium, Okinawa , 508-587

 2006 Price, R. M.,  Swart , P. K. & Fourqurean, J. W.,  Coastal groundwater discharge - an additional source of phosphorus for the oligotrophic wetlands of the Everglades, In: Interaction of hydrology and nutrients in controlling ecosystem function in oligotrophic coastal environments of South Florida, Ed: Joel C. Trexler, Evelyn E. Gaiser, & Daniel L. Childers, Hydrobiologia, 569, 23-36.

 2006 Price, R. M., Swart, P. K.  Geochemical Indicators of Groundwater Recharge in the  Surficial Aquifer System:    Everglades National Park , Florida , USA , Geological Society of America Bulletin Special Paper, 404, 251-266.

 2006  Greer, L. and Swart, P. K. Decadal Cyclicity of Regional Mid-Holocene Precipitation: Evidence from Dominican Coral Proxies, Paleoceanography,       21, PA2020, doi:10.1029/2005PA001166, 2006

 

 

2005 Swart, P.K., Cantrell, D. Westphall, H., Handford, R. and Kendall, C. Origin of dolomite in the Arab-D reservoir from the Ghawar field, Saudi Arabia: evidence from petrographic and geochemical constraints, Journal of Sedimentary Research, 75: 476-491.

 2005  Swart, P.K., Lamb, K. and Saeid, A., Temporal and Spatial Variation in the d15N and d13C of coral tissue and zooxanthellae in Montastraea faveolata collected from the Florida reef tract, Limnology and Oceanography, 50, 1049-1058.

  2005 Swart, P.K. and Eberli, G.P. The Nature of the d13C  of Periplatform Sediments: Implications for stratigraphy and the global carbon cycle, Sedimentary Geology, 175: 115-129.

  2005  Swart, P.K., A.  Szmant, J. Porter, R.  E. Dodge J. Tougas and J.  Southam, The Isotopic Composition of Respired Carbon Dioxide in Scleractinian Corals: Implications for Cycling of Organic Carbon in Corals, Geochimica Cosmochimca Acta, 69: 1495-1509.

 

2005 Rosenheim, B.E. Swart, P.K., Thorrold, S.R., Eisenhauer, A., Willenz, P.  Salinity change in the Subtropical Atlantic:  Secular increase and teleconnections to the North Atlantic Oscillation, Geophys. Research Letters. , L02603, doi:10.1029/2004GL021499,2005.

  2004 Rosenheim , B.E., Swart, P.K. Thorrold, S.R., Willenz, P., Berry , L., Latkoczy, C., High_resolution Sr/Ca records in sclerosponges calibrated to temperature in situ, Geology,32, 145-148.

  2003 Price, R.M., Top, Z., Happell, J.D., Swart, P.K. Use of tritium and helium to define groundwater flow conditions in Everglades National Park, Water Resources Research, 39: 1267, doi:10.1029/2002WR001929,2003.

 

2002 Swart, P.K. Elderfield, H. and M. Greaves, A high-resolution calibration of Sr/Ca thermometry using the Caribbean coral Montastraea annularis, G-cubed.

2002 Swart, P.K. and Price, R. Origin of salinity variations in Florida Bay, Limnol. Oceanogr. 47:1234-1241.

  2002 Swart, P.K., Torrold, S., Eisenhauer, A.., Rosenheim , B., Harrison , C.G.A., Grammer, M., and Latkoczy, C., Intra-annual variation in the stable oxygen and carbon and trace element composition of sclerosponges, Paleoceanography.

  2002 Kingsley, R., Schilling G., Dixon ,J. Swart, P.K., R. Poreda, and K. Simmons, D/H ratios in basalt glasses from the Salas y Gomez mantle plume interacting with the East Pacific Rise: Water from old D-rich recycled crust or primordial water from the lower mantle? G-cubed, 3, NO. 4, 10.1029/2001 GC000199.

2001 Swart, P.K. Price, R., and Greer, L. The relationship between stable isotopic variations (O,H, and C) and salinity in water and corals from environments in South Florida: Implications for reading the paleoenvironmental record, Bulletin of American Paleontology, 361:17-29. 2001 Thorrold, S., LatKoczy, C., Swart, P.K., and Jones, C. Natal homing in marine fish population, Science, 291:297-299.2001 Cantrell, D.L., Swart, P.K., Handford, R.C., Kendall, C.G., and Westphall, H. Geology and production significance of dolomite, Arab-D reservoir, Ghawar Field, Saudi Arabia, Geoarabia, 6: 45-60.

2000 Swart, P.K. and Melim, L.A. The Origin of Dolomites in Tertiary Sediments from the Margin of Great Bahama Bank, Jour. Sed. Res., 70, 738-748.

1999 Swart, P.K. Healy, G., Greer, L., Lutz, M., Saied, A. Anderegg, D., Dodge, R.A. and Rudnick. D., The use of proxy chemical records in coral skeletons to ascertain past environmental conditions in Florida Bay, Estuaries, 22: 384-397.

1998 Swart, P.K., Moore, M.D. Charles, and Bohm, F. Sclerosponges may hold new keys to marine climate EOS, 79: 633-636. 1998 Thorrold, S., Jones, C.M., Swart, P.K. and Targett, T.E. Accurate classification of juvenile weakfish (Cynoscion regalis) to estuarine nursery areas based on chemical signatures in otoliths. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 173: 253-265 1998 Swart, P.K., White, K., Enfield , D., Dodge, R.A., Milne, P. Corals from the Gulf of Guinea as Indicators of Periods of Extreme Precipitation Conditions, Jour. Geophys. Res., 103:27885-27891.

1997 Eberli, G.P., Swart, P.K. McNeill, D.F., Kenter, J.A.M., Anselmetti, F.S., Melim, L.A. and Ginsburg, R.N., A synopsis of the Bahamas Drilling Project: results from two deep core borings drilled on Great Bahama Bank, In: Eberli, G.P., Swart, P.K., Malone, M. et al. Proc. ODP Init. Repts., 166:College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program).

1996 Swart, P.K., Dodge, R.E. and Hudson, H.J. A 240-year stable oxygen and carbon isotopic record in a coral from South Florida: Implications for the prediction of precipitation in southern Florida, Palaios, 11:362-375. 1996 Swart, P.K. and Leder, J.J. The utility of the stable isotopic signature in coral skeletons, In: Paleobiology and biology of corals, Ed: G.D. Stanley Jr., The paleontological society papers, 1:249-291. 1996 Leder, J.J., Swart, P.K., Szmant, A and Dodge, R.E. The origin of variations in the isotopic record of Scleractinian corals: I Oxygen, Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, 60:2857-2870. 1996 Swart, P.K., Leder, J.J. Szmant, A and Dodge, R.E. The origin of variations in the isotopic record of Scleractinian corals: II Carbon, Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, 60:2871-2886. 1996 Swart,P.K. , Healy,G Dodge, R. Kramer, P., Hudson, H., Halley R., & M. Robblee The Stable Oxygen and Carbon Isotopic Record from a Coral Growing in Florida Bay: A 160 Year Record of Climatic and Anthropogenic Influence, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 123:219-238.

1995 Stanley, G.D. Jr., and Swart, P.K., Evolution of the coral-zooxanthellae symbiosis during the Triassic: A geochemical approach, Paleobiology, 21:179-199. 1995 Melim, L.A. , Swart, P.K. and Maliva, R.G. Meteoric-like fabrics forming in marine waters: Implications for the use of petrography to identify diagenetic environments, Geology, 23:755-758. 1995 Ortner, PB, Lee, TN, Milne PJ, Zidka, RG, Clarke, ME, Podesta, GP, Swart, PK, Testa, PA, Atkinson, LP, & Johnson, WR, Mississippi river flood waters reached the Gulf Stream, J. Geophys. Res,



Contact

Prof. Peter Swart
RSMAS/MGG University of Miami
4600 Rickenbacker Causeway
Miami, FL 33149

Telephone: 305 421-4103

pswart@rsmas.miami.edu



Full CV  

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Last Revised: November 19th, 2006