Peter K. Swart

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Lewis G. Weeks, Professor of Marine Geosciences

Head of the RSMAS Stable Isotope Laboratory

Biography

 

B.Sc. University of Sheffield, Natural Environmental Sciences, 1976

Ph.D. Geochemistry, Kings College, University of London, 1980.

Post Doctoral Fellowship, University of Cambridge, 1980-1983.

 

Research Interests

 

Stable Isotope Geochemistry Stable Isotope Laboratory; Carbonate Diagenesis; Sedimentology and Petrology Comparative Sedimentology Laboratory ; Cosmochemistry.

 

 

Courses Taught

  • Geochemistry, MGG 513
  • Diagenesis of Carbonate Sediments, MGG 671
  • Stable Isotopes in Biological and Geological Sciences, MGG 650
  • Techniques in Ecosystem and Policy ECS 301
  • Introductory Oceanography MSC 101

 

Research Projects

  • The Climate Dynamics of the Atlantic
  • Sclerosponges/Corals
  • Carbonate Diagenesis
  • Nitrogen Dynamics in the Marine Environment
  • Clumped Isotopes
  • Global Carbon Cycle through Time

 

 

Top Cited Publications

Thorrold, S., LatKoczy, C., Swart, P.K., and Jones, C. 2002. Natal homing in marine fish population, Science, 291:297-299.

Swart, P.K., 1982. The carbon and oxygen isotope composition of scleractinian corals: a review. Earth Sci. Rev., 19:  51-80.

Swart, P.K., Burns, S.J., and Leder, J.J., 1992. Fractionation of stable isotopes of O and C in CO2 during the reaction of calcite with phosphoric acid as a function of temperature and technique, Chemical Geology (Isotope Geoscience Section), 86:89-96.

Swart, P.K. 2015. The geochemistry of carbonate diagenesis: The past, present and future, Sedimentology, 62:1233-1304.

Selected Recent Publications

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2021

 

Swart, P.K., Chaojin Lu, Moore, E., Smith, M., Murray, S.,  and Staudigel, P.T. A Calibration equation between Δ48 values of carbonate and temperature, Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry.

 

S.M. Bernasconi, …….. P.K. Swart,  et al, InterCarb: A community effort to improve inter-laboratory standardization of the carbonate clumped isotope thermometer using carbonate standards, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems

 

Sara R. Kimmig Matthew D. Nadeau, Peter K. Swart, and Chris Holmden Isotopic mapping of dolomite identifies the deep structural center of the Williston Basin as a source of fluids and Mg for dolomitization, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,

 

Leticia Rodriguez Blanco, Gregor P. Eberli, Ralf J. Weger, Donald F. McNeill, Peter K. Swart, Quantifying Concretion Distribution in the Vaca Muerta Formation, Neuquén Basin, Argentina, AAPG Bulletin,

 

Klaebe, R., Swart, P.K. and Frei, R. Chromium isotope heterogeneity on a modern carbonate platform: Implications for an emerging paleo-redox, Chem Geol

 

Ling, A., Eberli, G.P., Swart, P.K.,  Reolid, Stainbank, Rüggeberg, Betzler Middle Miocene platform drowning in the Maldives related to currents without nutrient excess or expansion of the oxygen minimum zone, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.

Eldrett, J.S., Viera, M., Gallagher, L., Hampton, M., Blaauw, M., P.K. Swart, Late Cretaceous to Palaeogene carbon isotope, calcareous nannofossil and foraminifera stratigraphy of the Chalk Group, Central North Sea, Marine and Petroleum Geology,

Staudigel, P. T., J. A. Higgins, and P. K. Swart. An abrupt Middle-Miocene increase in fluid flow into the Leeward Margin Great Bahama Bank, constraints from δ44Ca and Δ47 values, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 553, 116625.

2020

Waite, A., Klavans, J.M., Murphy, L., Clement, A., Eisenhauer, A, Liebetrau, V.,  Weger, R., and Swart, P.K. A 700- year Record of Temperature in the Skeleton of a Sclerosponge from the Bahamas: A High-Resolution Marine Based Record of the Atlantic Multi-Decadal Oscillation, Geophys. Res. Letts.

Wostbrock, J.A.G., Uwe Brand, Tyler B. Coplen, Swart, P.K., Sandra J. Carlson, Adrian Brearley, Zachary D. Sharp, Calibration of carbonate-water triple oxygen isotope fractionation: seeing through diagenesis in ancient carbonates, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 288, 369-388.

Al-Ramadan, K., A. Koeshidayatullah, D. Cantrell, and P. K. Swart, Impact of basin architecture on diagenesis and dolomitization in a fault-bounded carbonate platform: outcrop analogue of a pre-salt carbonate reservoir, Red Sea rift, NW Saudi Arabia, Petroleum Geoscience, 26(3), 448-461.

Murray, S.T., Higgins, J.A., Holmden, C.E., and Swart, P.K. The Influence of Bacterial Sulfate Reduction on the D47 values of Dolomites in the Bahamas, Sedimentology

Max Tenaglia, Gregor P Eberli, Ralf J Weger, Leticia Rodriguez Blanco, Laura E Rueda Sanchez, Swart, P.K., Identification of high TOC strata using wireline logs in the Vaca Muerta Formation, Argentina,  Marine and Petroleum Geology

Koeshidayatullah, A., Corlett, H., Stacey, J., Swart, P.K., Boyce, A. and Hollis, C. (2020) Origin and evolution of fault-controlled hydrothermal dolomitization fronts: A new insight. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 541.

Koeshidayatullah, A., Corlett, H., Stacey, J., Swart, P.K., Boyce, A., Robertson, H., Whitaker, F., & Hollis, C.  Evaluating new fault-controlled hydrothermal dolomitisation models: Insights from the Cambrian Dolomite, Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin, Sedimentology

Scranton, M.I., Taylor, G.T., Thunell, R.C., Muller-Karger, F.E., Astor, Y., Swart, P.K., Edgcomb, V.P. and Pachiadaki, M.G.  Anomalous d13C in POC at the chemoautotrophy maximum in the Cariaco Basin, Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences.

Nakakuni, M., Takehara, K., Swart, P.K.,Yamamoto, S. The contribution of prokaryotes and terrestrial plants to Maldives inter-atoll sapropels: evidence from organic biomarkers, Organic Geochemistry, 104039

Dellinger, M., A. Joshua West, Planavsky, N.J., Hardisty, D., Gill, B.C.,  Kalderon-Asael, B., Asael, D., Croissant, T., Swart, P.K., The effects of diagenesis on Li isotope ratios of shallow marine carbonates. American Journal of Science
           

Rodriguez Blanco, L., Eberli, G.P., Weger, R.J., Swart, P.K., Tenaglia, M., Rueda Sanchez, L.E., McNeill, D.F., Periplatform Ooze in a mixed Siliciclastic-Carbonate System - Vaca Muerta Formation, Argentina, Sedimentary Geology

2019

 

Swart, P.K., Mackenzie, G.J., Blättler, C.L., Nakakuni, M., Eberli, G.P., Betzler,C., Alvarez-Zarikian, C.A., Wright, J., Kroon, D., Reolid, J., Slagle, A.L., Hui Mee, A.L., Reijmer, J.J., Bialik, O.M., Alonso-García, M., Guo, J.A., Haffen, J., Horozal, S., Inoue, M., Jovane, L., Lanci, Laya, J-C, Lüdmann, T., Nath, N., Niino, K., Petruny, L.M., Pratiwi, S.D., Su, X., Sloss, J.C.R., Yao, Z., Young, J.R., Anoxic Events Recorded at Platform Derived Sediments from the Early Miocene of the Maldives, Earth and Planetary Science Letters


Giri, S., Swart, P.K., and Pourmand, A. The role of seawater Ca2+ concentration in altering coral calcification mechanisms: A trace element and stable isotope approach, Earth and Planetary Science Letters


Staudigel, P.T. and Swart, P.K. A diagenetic origin for isotopic variability of sediments deposited on the margin of Great Bahama Bank, insights from clumped isotopes, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta,

 


Blattler, C.L., Higgins, J.A. and Swart, P.K. Advected glacial seawater preserved in the subsurface of the Maldives carbonate platform, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta,


Giri, S. and Swart, P.K. The Influence of Seawater Chemistry on Carbonate Associated Sulfate Derived from Coral Skeletons, Palaeo. Palaeo, Palaeo, 521, 72-81.


Liu, X.M., Hardisty, D., Lyons, T.., and Swart, P.K. Evaluating the integrity of the cerium paleoredox tracer through analysis of a modern marine carbonate analog, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 248, 25-42.

 

Swart, P.K., Mackenzie, G.M., Eberli, G.P., Lüdmann, T. and Betzler, C., Do drifts deposited adjacent to carbonate platforms record the signal of global C isotopic values? Sedimentology, 66, 1410-1426.


C.L. Pederson, J.S. Klaus, P.K. Swart, D.F. McNeill, Deposition and early diagenesis of microbial mud in the Florida Everglades, Sedimentology


Weij, R., Reijmer, J.J.H., Eberli, G.P., and Swart, P.K., The Limited link between accommodation space, sediment thickness, and inner platform facies distribution (Holocene-Pleistocene, Bahamas) , The Depositional Record.


Weger, R., Eberli, G. P., Murray, S.T., and Swart, P.K., Paleothermometry and distribution of calcite beef in the Vaca Muerta formation, Neuquen Basin Argentina, AAPG Bulletin.


Oehlert, A., Swart, P.K. Eberli, G.P., Evans, S., Frank, T. Geochemical Constraints on the Cause of the Largest Positive Carbon Isotope Excursion in the Phanerozoic, Sedimentology, 66, 241-261.

 

2018

 

Kunkelova, T., Jung, S, Odling, N., Thomas, A.,  Betzler,C., Eberli, G.P., Reolid, J.,., Reijmer, , Alvarez-Zarikian, C.A., Bialik, O.M., Blättler, C.L., Guo, J.A., Hui Mee, A.L., Alonso-García, M., Haffen, J., Horozal, S., Inoue, M., Jovane, L., Lanci, L.,Laya, J-C, Nath, N., Niino, K., Nakakuni, M., Petruny, L.M., Pratiwi, S.D., Slagle, A.L., Su, X., Sloss, J.C.R., Yao, Z, Swart, P.K., J.J., Wright, J., Young, J.R., Kroon, D., A 2 million year record of continental weathering linked to aridity from the Maldives, Progress in Earth and Planetary Science

Francois Tissot, Cindy Chen; Benjamin M Go; Magdalena Naziemiec; Garrett Healy; Andrey Bekker; P. K Swart; Nicolas Dauphas Control of eustasy and diagenesis on the 238U/235U of carbonates and evolution of the seawater (234U/238U) during the last 1.4 Myr, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta., 242, 233–265.
 

Staudigel, P. T., and Swart, P. K., A kinetic difference between 12C and 13C-bound oxygen exchange rates results in decoupled δ18O and ?47 values of equilibrating DIC solutions: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, doi:10.1029/2018GC007500.

Lüdmann, T., Betzler,C., Eberli, G.P., Reolid, J., Kroon, D., Reijmer, Swart, P.K., J.J., Wright, J., Young, J.R., Alvarez-Zarikian, C.A., Bialik, O.M., Blättler, C.L., Guo, J.A., Hui Mee, A.L., Alonso-García, M., Haffen, J., Horozal, S., Inoue, M., Jovane, L., Lanci, L.,,Laya, J-C, Nath, N., Niino, K., Nakakuni, M., Petruny, L.M., Pratiwi, S.D., Slagle, A.L., Su, X., Sloss, J.C.R., Yao, Z.,  Calcareous drift fan: a new drift type in a carbonate setting, Marine Geology. 401, 98-111.

Ahm, A.-S.C., Bjerrum, C.J., Blättler, C.L., Swart, P.K. and Higgins, J.A. (2018) Quantifying early marine diagenesis in shallow-water carbonate sediments. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta

Waite, A., Swart, P.K. Rosenheim, B., and A. Rosenberg, Re-evaluating Sr/Ca-derived records of post-industrial era warming from the sclerosponge, Ceratoporella nicholsoni, Chemical Geology,488, 56-61.

Staudigel, P.T., Frank, T.D., Dunham, D.P., Fielding, C.R. and Swart, P.K. Cryogenic brine as a diagenetic fluid: reconstructing the cementation history of sediments in the Victoria Land Basin of Antarctica using clumped isotope geochemistry, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,224, 154-170.

Betzler,C., Eberli, G.P., Lüdmann, T., Reolid, J., Reijmer, J.J., Wright, J., Young, J.R., Alvarez-Zarikian, C.A., Alonso-García, M., Bialik, O.M., Blättler, C.L., Guo, J.A., Hui Mee, A.L., Haffen, J., Horozal, S., Inoue, M., Jovane, L., Kroon, D., Lanci, L, ,Laya, J-C, Nath, N., Niino, K., Nakakuni, M., Petruny, L.M., Pratiwi, S.D., Slagle, A.L., Su, X., Sloss, J.C.R., Swart, P.K., Yao, Z.,  The global climate record of the Maldives Neogene carbonate platform, Progress in Earth and Planetary Science.

Swart, P.K. and Oehlert, A.M.  Revised interpretations of stable C and O patterns in carbonate rocks resulting from meteoric diagenesis, Sedimentary Geology, 364, 14-23.

Giri, S., Swart, P.K. and Devlin, Q. The effect of changing seawater Ca and Mg concentrations upon the distribution coefficients of Mg and Sr in the skeletons of the scleractinian coral Pocillopora damicornis, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 222, 535-549.

J.A. Higgins, C. L. Blättler, E. A. Lundstrom, D. Santiago-Ramos, A. Akhtar, A.S. Curger-Ahm, O. Bialik, C. Holmden, A.V. Turchyn, and P. K. Swart, Mineralogy, early marine diagenesis, and the chemistry of shallow water carbonate sediments, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 220, 512-534.

 

 

2017

J. Dixon, I. Bindeman, R. Kingsley, K. Simons, P. LeRoux , T.Rau, Hajewski, P. K. Swart, C.  Langmuir, J.  Ryan, K. W. Ikuko Wada, P. Wallace, Light Stable Isotopic Compositions of Enriched Mantle Sources: Resolving the Dehydration Paradox, GGG

Purkis, S., Oehlert, A., Harriss, M. and Swart, P.K. Hydrodynamic Control of Whitings on Great Bahama Bank, Geology, 44, 939-942.

Diaz, M., Eberli, G.P., Blackwelder, P., Philips, B., Swart, P.K., Microbes, Ooids and Implications, Geology, 45, 771-774.

Mueller, P., Staudigel, P.T., Murray, S.T., Vernet, R., Barusseau, J-P., Westphal, H., Swart, P.K., Prehistoric cooking versus paleoenvironmental proxies in shell midden constituents. Nature Communications, 7, 3555.

Mehterian, S., Pourmand, A., Sharifi, A., Lahijani, H.A.K., Naderi, M., Swart, P.K., Speleothem Records of Glacial/Interglacial Climate from Iran Forewarn of Future Water Availability in the Interior of the Middle East, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 164, 187-198.

Murray, S.T. and Swart, P.K. Evaluating Formation Fluid Models and Calibrations Using Clumped Isotope Paleothermometry on Bahamian Dolomites, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 206, 73-93.

D. T. Ho, S. Ferrón, V. C. Engel, W.T. Anderson, P.K. Swart, R. M. Price, and L. Barbero, Dissolved carbon biogeochemistry and export in mangrove-dominated rivers of the Florida Everglades, Biogeosciences, 14, 1–17, 2017, doi:10.5194/bg-14-1-2017.  

Klaus, J., Meeder, J., McNeill, D., Woodhead, J, and Swart, P.K. Expanded Florida Reef Development during the Mid Pliocene Warm Period, Global and Planetary Change, 152, 127-137.

Arienzo, M.M., Swart, P.K., Broad, K., Clement, A.C., Pourmand, A., Kakuk, B., Multi -proxy evidence of millennial scale climate variability from multiple Bahamian speleothems, Quarter. Sci. Rev., 161, 18-29.

Okazaki, R.R., Towle, E., Hooidonk, R., Mor,C.,  Winter, R., Piggot, A., Cunning, R., Baker, A., Langdon, C., Swart, P.K. Varying Responses of Twelve Caribbean Coral Species to Climate Change, Global Change Biology, 23, 1023-1035, 10.1111/gcb.13481.

 

 

2016

Staudigel, P.T. and Swart, P.K. Isotopic behavior during the aragonite-calcite transition: implications for sample preparation and proxy interpretation, Chem. Geol., 442, 130-138.

Betzler, C., Eberli, G.P., Kroon, D., Wright, J.D., Swart, P.K., Nath, B.N., Alvarez-Zarikian, C.A., Alonso-García, M., Bialik, O.M., Blättler, C.L., Guo, J.A., Haffen, S., Horozal, S., Inoue, M., Jovane, L., Lanci, L., Laya, J.C., Mee, A.L.H., Lüdmann, T., Nakakuni, M., Niino, K., Petruny, L.M., Pratiwi, S.D., Reijmer, J.J.G., Reolid, J., Slagle, A.L., Sloss, C.R., Su, X., Yao, Z. and Young, J.R. (2016) The abrupt onset of the modern South Asian Monsoon winds. Scientific Reports, 6, 29838.

Swart, P.K. Cantrell, D.A., Murray, S. and Arienzo, M., Dolomitization in the Ghawar Field: An Update Based on the Clumped Isotope Technique, Sedimentology

Gothmann, A.M., , J. A. Higgins, P. K. Swart, S. J. Giri, J. F. Adkins, J. Stolarski, C. L. Blattler, and M. L. Bender, , Calcium isotopes in scleractinian fossil corals since the Mesozoic: implications for vital effects and biomineralization through time., Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 444, 205-214.

Murray, S., M. M. Arienzo, and P. K. Swart, 2015, Determining the Δ47 acid fractionation for dolomites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 174, 42-53.

 

2015

Arienzo, M., Swart, P.K., Pourmand, A. Broad, K., Clement, A.C.,  Murphy, LN., Vonhof, H.B., Kakuk B., Bahamian speleothem reveals temperature decrease associated with Heinrich stadials, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 430, 377-386.

Ellis, G.S., Katz, B.J., Scholz, C. and Swart, P.K, Organic sedimentation in modern lacustrine systems: A case study from Lake Malawi, East Africa, Geological Society of America Special Papers, 515, p. SPE515-02

Galfond, B., Riemer, D., Swart, P.K., Analysis of signal to noise ratio of δ13C CO2 measurements at carbon capture utilization and storage injection sites. International Journal of Greenhouse Gases, 42, 307-318.

Alvaro, Lapen, TJ, Rosenheim and Swart, P. K. Ventilation timescales of the N. Atlantic Subtropical Cell revealed by coral radiocarbon from the Cape Verde Islands, Paleoceanography, 30, 938-948.

Pederson, C., McNeill, D., Klaus, J., and Swart, P.K. Deposition and diagenesis of microbial oncolites: Implications for the preservation of microbial signatures, Journal of Sedimentary Research

Sharifi, A,., Pourmand, A., Canuel, E.A., Fere-Tyler, E., Peterson, L.C., Aichner, B., Feakins, S.J., Daryaee, T., Djamali, M., Beni, N., Lahijani, A.K., Swart, P.K. Abrupt climate change over the interior of West Asia since the last deglaciation period: The hand that rocked the Cradle of Civilization? Quaternary Science Reviews, 123, 215-230.

Diaz, M. Swart, P.K., Eberli, G.P. and Altabet, M. Geochemical Evidence of Microbial Activity within Ooids, Sedimentology

Swart, P.K. The geochemistry of carbonate diagenesis: The past, present and future, Sedimentology, 62:1233-1304

Stewart, J.A., Gutjahr, M., Pearce, F., Swart, P.K. and Foster, G.L.  Boron and meteoric diagenesis: Questioning the fidelity of Snowball Earth δ11B excursions, Geology, 43: 627-634.

Waite, A. and Swart, P.K. Inversion of aragonite to calcite during the sampling of skeletal archives: Implications for proxy interpretation, Rapid Communication in Mass Spectrometry, 29:955-964.

Harris, P.M., Purkis, S.J., Ellis, J., Swart, P.K. and Reijmer, J.J.G., Mapping water-depth and depositional facies on Great Bahama Bank, Sedimentology, 62: 555-589.

Mackenzie, G.J., Schaffner, F., Swart, P.K. The stable isotopic composition of carbonate (C & O) and the organic Matrix (C & N) in water bird eggshells from South Florida: Insights into feeding ecology, timing of egg formation, and geographic range, Hydrobiologia, 743: 89-108.

 

 

Contact

 

Prof. Peter Swart

Lewis G. Weeks Professor
RSMAS/MGS University of Miami
4600 Rickenbacker Causeway
Miami, FL 33149

Telephone: 305 421-4103

pswart@rsmas.miami.edu



Full CV  

Last Revised May 15, 2019